Voltage and current-sources, resistors, capacitors and coils.
Diodes and bipolar transistors.
PN-junction, bipolar transistor, characteristics, biasing.
Operating point, transfer functions, basic circuit design.
The Operational Amplifier and its Applications:
Amplifiers (inverting, non-inverting), RC-active filters,...
Time- and frequency-response, input- and output-characteristics.
Non-linear circuits, e.g. comparators, oscillators,...
Logic gates, logic families, fan-in, fan-out.
Switching properties, speed and power consumption.
Manufactoring of Integrated Circuits:
Key target technologies and technology-based performance parameters.
Pre-fabrication, turn-around-time, full-custom, gate-array, FPGAs,...
An engineering approach to CMOS VLSI design:
Design methods, risks and benefits.
Design and test, design based key performance paramerters.
Pre-fabrication, portability and design-reuse (cells, macros, ...)